Minority and Ethnic Entrepreneurship

  • Barr, M. (2008).  Policies to Expand Minority Entrepreneurship, in G. Yago, et al., (eds), Entrepreneurship in Emerging Domestic Markets, New York: Springer, 141-150.
  • Barr, M. S. (2008). Policies to expand minority entrepreneurship: Closing comments. In Entrepreneurship in Emerging Domestic Markets: Barriers and Innovation, edited by G. Yago, J. R. Barth, and B. Zeidman, 141-50. The Milken Institute Series on Financial Innovation and Economic Growth, vol. 7. New York: Springer, 2008.
  • Boyd, R. L. (2000). Survivalist entrepreneurship among urban blacks during the Great Depression: A test of the disadvantage theory of business enterprise. Social Science Quarterly, 972-984.
  • Butler, John Sibley.  1991. Entrepreneurship and Self-Help Among Black Americans. Albany, NY.  State University of New York Press.
  • Christy, R. D., Dassie, W., & Wenner, M. (2000). Entrepreneurship-centered economic development: An analysis of African American entrepreneurship in the southern Black Belt. University of Kentucky, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  • Edelman, L. F., Brush, C. G., Manolova, T. S., & Greene, P. G. (2010). Start‐up motivations and growth intentions of minority nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Small Business Management48(2), 174-196.
  • Fairlie, R. W., & Robb, A. M. (2007). Why are black-owned businesses less successful than white-owned businesses? The role of families, inheritances, and business human capital. Journal of Labor Economics, 25(2), 289-323.
  • Fauth, R. C., Leventhal, T., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2004). Short-effects of moving from public housing in poor to middle-class neighborhoods on low-income, minority adults’ outcomes. Social Science & Medicine, 59(11), 2271-2284.
  • Herring, C. (2004). Open for business in the black metropolis: Race, disadvantage, and entrepreneurial activity in Chicago's inner city. The Review of Black Political Economy31(4), 35-57.
  • Light, I. (1979). Disadvantaged minorities in self-employment. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 20(1-2), 31-45.
  • McManus, M. (2012), Minority Business Ownership: Data from the 2012 Survey of Business Owners, Washington, DC: Office of Advocacy, US Small Business Administration.
  • Pessar, P. R. (1995). The elusive enclave: Ethnicity, class, and nationality among Latino entrepreneurs in Greater Washington, DC. Human Organization, 54, 383–392.
  • Raimi, L. and Aslani, B. (2019) Exploring the Contributions of Informal Ethnic Entrepreneurship to Economic Development in Nigeria. In: Ramadani, V., Dana, L.-P., Ratten, V., Bexheti, A. (Eds) Informal Ethnic Entrepreneurship- Future Research Paradigms for Creating Innovative Business Activity (pp.179-194).
  • Robb, A. M., & Fairlie, R. W. (2007). Access to financial capital among US businesses: The case of African American firms. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science613(1), 47-72.
  • Smith-Hunter, A.E. & Boyd, R.L. (2004), “Applying theories of entrepreneurship to a comparative analysis of white and minority business owners”, Women in Management Review, Vol. 19 Nos 1/2, pp. 18-28.